It is a great privilege for us to present the proceedings of the 26th International Mining
Congress and Exhibition of Turkey (IMCET 2019) to the authors and delegates of the event.
We hope that you find it useful, exciting and inspiring.
This Congress Proceedings volume contains the written versions of most of the contributions
presented during the IMCET 2019. In the context of this book the issues related to the
mining, provided solutions, scientific and technical aspects of sustainability of the mining
operations and their social impacts are overviewed with various papers.
IMCET 2019 celebrated its 50th anniversary, provided a platform for gathering the experts,
scientists, industry from all around the world and creates a platform to enable productive
discussions related to the latest technological developments, production methods in the
The Congress has been a good opportunity for participants coming from various countries to
present and discuss topics in their respective research areas. The inclusion of six plenary
lectures has been highly appreciated even for the speakers efforts to present the ideas and
methods in a lively and accessible way.
We promise to produce a bright picture and charming landscape for mining industry, while
the support received and the enthusiasm witnessed have truly exceeded our expectations.
Therefore, on the day of completion of this journey, we are delighted with a high level of
satisfaction and aspiration.
The responses to the call-for-papers had been overwhelming – both from Turkey and from
overseas. We would like to express our gratitude and appreciation for all of
the reviewers who helped us maintain the high quality of manuscripts included in the
proceedings published by Chamber of Mining Engineers of Turkey (UCTEA). We would also
like to extend our thanks to the members of the organizing team for their hard work.
It is our pleasant duty to acknowledge the support of esteemed institutes from all over the
world and the financial support of our sponsors. Let us wish that all the participants of
IMCET 2019 have a wonderful and fruitful time at the conference.
UCTEA Chamber of Mining Engineers of Turkey
Prof.Dr. Hakan Benzer
Hacettepe University Mining Engineering Department